The tree ferns or Dicksonia antarctica is the most popular of the tree ferns species that are found naturally in Oceania. Unlike the other ferns of their type, they grow up to 10 meters in height. Walking through a forest of Dicksonia antarctica, one can definitely feel like he has come to an ancient Jurassic or Triassic forest where dinosaurs lived!
The tree ferns are native to Australia. It is also found naturally in Tasmania and New Zealand. D. antarctica is the popular tree fern that is found in South Eastern Australia. They grow well and in abundance in moist and shady environments.
The fern grows on damp, sheltered woodland slopes and moist gullies, and they occasionally occur at high altitudes in cloud forests. – Wikipedia.
These ferns are generally tolerant to acidic, neutral or alkaline soil. They can grow in semi-sheltered places but hate droughts, and drying up of their roots.
These ferns generally reproducing by producing spores like other ferns. The spores are produced under their leaves. As these spores get matured, they are dispersed and they grow into a thallus containing male and female gametophytes that produce male and female gametes. The male gametes fertilize the egg cells and the zygote develops which then grows into a complete plant!
Learn more about the life cycle of ferns here – Life Cycle of Ferns.
These trees can also be propagated vegetatively. This can be done by cutting the tree at its base leaving its rhizome in the soil which dies off and the top part produces fronds and grows into a new tree when planted.